Paul was an ethnic and religious Jew, raised in a Jewish home but in the Gentile university town of Tarsus. He was also educated by the most prominent Rabbi of the day, Gamaliel, in Jerusalem. Paul’s zeal for God the Father was expanded to God the Son and God the Holy Spirit after his conversion experience in Acts 9.
The church in Rome was probably started by those who were from Rome and present at the events of Acts 2. There is no Biblical record of anyone sent to Rome such as Peter or one of the other Apostles. This church was planted by the Holy Spirit.
As the capitol of the Roman Empire, the city was full of every sort of religion and morality. So long as one didn’t break the laws of Rome, it didn’t matter what one did. Of all the beliefs in Rome, Christianity was probably the one of which to be most ashamed, from a “truth is relative” perspective.

  • It claimed to be absolute, along with it Jewish underpinnings.
  • It claimed its power and authority in a dead Jew, Jesus.
  • It taught that there was a King and a power higher than Rome and Caesar.
  • It taught that all joy and meaning of life was found in Jesus, not in pleasing the flesh or denying one’s spirit.

Paul felt no shame, remorse, not embarrassment because of the gospel, despite the position and prestige he lost in his former Jewish life. Consider that as he was considered an ex- and future convict.